Rabu, 20 Juli 2011
From Wikipedia Indonesia, the free encyclopedia
KUJANG is a unique weapon of the West Java. Kujang began to be made around the 8th century or the ninth, made of iron, steel and prestige material, length approximately 20 to 25 cm and weighs about 300 grams.
KUJANG was the instrument that reflects the critical acumen and power in life also symbolizes strength and courage to protect the rights and truth. Is characteristic, both as weapons, agricultural tools, symbols, ornaments, or souvenirs.
According Sanghyang Siksakanda ng Karesian Pupuh XVII, Kujang is the weapon of the peasants and has its roots in agriculture Sundanese culture.
Kujang known as the traditional weapon of West Java (Sunda), which has a sacred value and to have magical powers. Some researchers states that the term "KUJANG" comes from the word "kudihyang" (kudi and Hyang. Kujang (also) comes from the word Ujang, which means human or Manusa. Humans are powerful as King Siliwangi.
Kudi retrieved from Sundanese language means the Ancient weapon that has the magical power of magic, as a talisman, as repellent reinforcements, such as to repel the enemy or avoid danger / disease. This weapon is also kept as heirlooms, which are used to protect the home from danger by putting them in a crate or a specific place in the house or by putting them on the bed (Hazeu, 1904: 405-406). Meanwhile, Hyang can be equated with a sense gods in some mythologies, but for society to have meaning, and Hyang Sundanese notch above the Gods, this is reflected in the doctrine of "Dasa Prebakti" which is reflected in the manuscript Sanghyang Siksa Kanda Ng Karesian mentioned "Dewa Bakti Hyang ".
In general, Kujang have a sense as the heritage that has a certain strength that comes from the gods (= Hyang), and as a weapon, from ancient to the present Kujang occupies a very special position among the people of West Java (Sunda). As an emblem or symbol with niali-philosophical values contained in it, Kujang used as one of the aesthetic in a few symbols as well as government organizations. In addition, Kujang was also used as a name of organization, unity, and of course also used by the Province of West Java.
In the past Kujang can not be separated from public life because of its function as a Sundanese agricultural equipment. This statement is contained in the ancient Script Sanghyang Siksa Kanda Ng Karesian (1518 AD) and the oral tradition that developed in several regions including in the area of Rancah, Ciamis. Evidence that reinforces the claim that Cleaver as farm equipment we can still see today on the Baduy, Banten and pancer Pangawinan in Sukabumi.
With the development progress, technological, cultural, social and economic situation of Sunda, Kujang also experienced growth and a shift in form, function and meaning. From an agricultural equipment, Cleaver developed into an object that has its own character and tend to be a valuable weapon symbolic and sacred. Cleaver is a new form as we know it is currently estimated birth of the 9th century until the 12th century.
In Bogor Pantun as told by Anis Djatisunda (996-2000), Cleaver has a variety of functions and forms. By function, Cleaver divided among the other four: Kujang Heritage (symbol of majesty and safety protection), Kujang Pakarang (to fight), Kujang Pangarak (as a means of ceremonies) and Kujang Pamangkas (as a farming tool). While based on existing blade shape called Kujang Jago (like the shape of a rooster), Kujang Ciung (birdlike Ciung), Kujang egret (bird resembling tailless / bango), Kujang Rhinoceros (like a rhinoceros), Kujang dragon (mythological animal resembling a dragon) and Kujang Bangkong (like frogs). In addition there is also the typology cleaver-shaped blade with a leather puppet heroine as a symbol of fertility.
Source: Wikipedia Indonesia, adesena.com
Papercraft of Kujang
From the heart's desire to preserve Sundanese culture, then I try to design a KUJANG. An heirloom to be preserved and preserve Sundanese kabuyutan I try to make replicas of the paper for art Kujang Papercraft.
Download Pattern For KUJANG
Senin, 04 Juli 2011
FFA AS-202 Bravo
From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
|AS/SA 202 Bravo|
|Role||Civil light aircraft|
|First flight||9 March 1969|
Savoia-Marchetti manufactured the wings, undercarriage and engine installation, while FFA manufactured the fuselage, tail and controls, while both companies had assembly plants manufacturing the complete aircraft.
The first Swiss model flew on 9 March 1969, the first Italian aircraft following on 8 May.
Bravo is a rugged all-metal low-wing monoplane with a full vision canopy. Its tricycle landing gear is fixed.
34 15s and 180 18s were built, with most in service with military customers. The biggest civil operator is Patria Pilot Training at Helsinki-Malmi Airport, Finland.
- AS/SA 202-10
- With 115 hp Lycoming O-235-C2A engine
- AS/SA 202-15
- With 150 hp Lycoming O-320-E2A engine, fixed pitch propeller, optional third aft seat
- AS/SA 202-18A
- With 180 hp Lycoming AEIO-360-B1F engine, constant speed propeller, third aft seat, fully aerobatic.
- AS/SA 202/26A
- With 195 kW (260hp) Lycoming AEIO-540 engine. Only one aircraft manufactured so far.
- AS 32T Turbo Trainer
- Two-seat tandem trainer aircraft, powered by a 268 kW (360-hp) Allison 250-B17C turboprop engine. Only one aircraft manufactured.
- Patria Pilot Training - 7 aircraft. Patria's Bravos are ex-British Aerospace Flying College aircraft. BAE Flying College owned 11 aircraft, but 1 was lost in Scotland claiming 2 lives. Remaining 10 aircraft were sold to private Finnish flying school Pilot Factory, which merged with Patria in 2004-2005.
- Royal Air Maroc - 5 aircraft.
- Royal Flight of Oman - 4 aircraft.
- Uganda Central Flying School - 8 aircraft.
- Indonesian Air Force - 40 aircraft.
- Iraqi Air Force - 48 aircraft.
- Royal Moroccan Air Force - 10 aircraft.
Data from General characteristics
- Crew: One, pilot
- Capacity: One or two passengers
- Length: 6.65 m (21 ft 9¾ in)
- Wingspan: 9.8 m (32 ft 2 in)
- Height: 2.51 m (8 ft 2¾ in)
- Wing area: 13.16 m² (141.58 ft²)
- Empty weight: 486 kg (AS 202-18A4 742 kg) (1,069 lb)
- Max takeoff weight: 852 kg (AS 202-18A4 1,080 kg) (1,874 lb)
- Powerplant: 1× Lycoming O-235-C2A 4-cylinder air-cooled horizontally-opposed piston engine, 86 kW (115 hp)
- Max landing weight : AS 202-18A4 1,050 kg (from Wikipedia)
AS202 BRAVO TNI AU
AS-202 Bravo aircraft Indonesian Air Force use since 1981, after four aircraft arrived at Tanjung Priok Port on March 28, 1981 using a container. Halim Perdanakusuma assembled at the air base by Indonesian Air Force technicians and then flown to the air base as a base LANUD Adisucipto and used by the School of Aviation (Sekbang) Army / Air Force. (http://ceriwis.us/showthread.php?t=573)
After several weeks of looking for inspiration, finally I can complete the model of the AS202 BRAVO with Air Force markings.
Why did I make with the Air Force markings? Because of my love for the world aerospace in Indonesia, especially the Indonesian Air Force.
This papercraft model that I designed myself ... please download ... and good luck